Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage.

Volume 1, Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2011

Preface

Table of Contents

 

Peter L. Stanchev - Multimedia Standards

Abstract. The aim of this paper is to review some of the standards, connected with multimedia and their metadata. We start with MPEG family. MPEG-21 provides an open framework for multimedia delivery and consumption. MPEG-7 is a multimedia content description standard. With the Internet grow several format were proposed for media scenes description. Some of them are open standards such as: VRML1, X3D2, SMIL3, SVG4, MPEG-4 BIFS, MPEG-4, XMT, MPEG-4, LaSER, COLLADA5, published by ISO, W3C, etc. Television has become the most important mass medium. Standards such as MHEG, DAVIC, Java TV, MHP, GEM, OCAP and ACAP have been developed. Efficient video-streaming is presented. There exist a large number of standards for representing audiovisual metadata. We cover the Material Exchange Format (MXF), the Digital Picture Exchange (DPX), and the Digital Cinema Package (DCP).

Citation: Stanchev, P. L. (2011) Multimedia Standards. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 7-14, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
7-14

Zsolt Laszlo Márkus, Balazs Wagner - GUIDE@HAND: Digital GPS Based Audio Guide that Brings the Past to Life

Abstract. In the digital age the internet and the ICT devices changed our daily life and routines. It means we couldn’t live without these services and devices anywhere (work, home, holiday, etc.). It can be experienced in the tourism sector; digital contents become key tools in the tourism of the 21st century; they will be able to adapt the traditional tourist guide methodology to the applications running on novel digital devices. Tourists belong to a new generation, an "ICT generation" using innovative tools, a new info-media to communicate. A possible direction for tourism development is to use modern ICT systems and devices. Besides participating in classical tours guided by travel guides, there is a new opportunity for individual tourists to enjoy high quality ICT based guided walks prepared on the knowledge of travel guides. The main idea of the GUIDE@HAND service is to use reusable, and create new tourism contents for an advanced mobile device, in order to give a contemporary answer to traditional systems of tourism information, by developing new tourism services based on digital contents for innovative mobile applications. The service is based on a new concept of enhancing territorial heritage and values, through knowledge, innovation, languages and multilingual solutions going along with new tourists’ “sensitiveness”.

Citation: Márkus, Z. L., Wagner, B. (2011) GUIDE@HAND: Digital GPS Based Audio Guide that Brings the Past to Life. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 15-25, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
15-25

Radoslav Pavlov, Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Georgi Simeonov - Survey of Existing Services in the Mathematical Digital Libraries and Repositories in the EuDML Project

Abstract. This paper presents a survey of the existing services provided by the digital libraries and repositories on mathematics of the content provider partners in the EuDML project. The purpose is to support the development of the concepts, criteria and methods for the continuous evaluation of these and new relevant existing services. The work was concentrated on the classification of the relevant services in order to specify a common evaluating structure.

Citation: Pavlov, R., Paneva-Marinova, D., Simeonov, G. (2011) Survey of Existing Services in the Mathematical Digital Libraries and Repositories in the EuDML Project. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 26-36, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
26-36

Andras Holl, Gabor Makara - Links and Hubs of Scientific Information – the Case of the MTMT

Abstract. We present the Hungarian National Scientific Bibliography project: the MTMT. We argue that presently available commercial systems cannot be used as a comprehensive national bibliometric tool. The new database was created from existing databases of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, but expected to be re-engineered in the future. The data curation model includes harvesting, the work of expert bibliographers and author feedback. MTMT will work together with the other services in the web of scientific information, using standard protocols and formats, and act as a hub. It will present the scientific output of Hungary together with the repositories containing the full text, wherever available. The database will be open, but not freely harvestable, and only for non-commercial use.

Citation: Holl, A., Makara, G. (2011) Links and Hubs of Scientific Information – the Case of the MTMT. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 37-42, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
37-42

Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Konstantin Rangochev, Maxim Goynov - Business Modeling of the Application Architecture of the Bulgarian Folklore Artery

Abstract. In an attempt to answer the need of wider accessibility and popularization of the treasury of Bulgarian folklore, a team from the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences has planned to develop the Bulgarian folklore artery within the national project “Knowledge Technologies for Creation of Digital Presentation and Significant Repositories of Folklore Heritage”. This paper presents the process of business modeling of the application architecture of the Bulgarian folklore artery, which aids requirements analysis, application design and its software implementation. The folklore domain process model is made in the context of the target social applications—e-learning, virtual expositions of folklore artifacts, research, news, cultural/ethno-tourism, etc. The basic processes are analyzed and modeled and some inferences are made for the use cases and requirements specification of the Bulgarian folklore artery application. As a conclusion the application architecture of the Bulgarian folklore artery is presented.

Citation: Paneva-Marinova, D., Rangochev, K., Goynov, M. (2011) Business Modeling of the Application Architecture of the Bulgarian Folklore Artery. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 43-50, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
43-50

Juliana Dochkova-Todorova, Margarita Todorova, Donika Valcheva - Social-Oriented Applications of the Folklore Heritage for the Needs of the Non-formal Learning and Cultural Tourisms

Abstract. The report presents a description of the most popular digital folklore archives in the world. Specifications for designing and developing web-based social-oriented applications in the field of education and cultural tourism are formulated on the basis of comparative analysis. A project for structuring and categorizing the content is presented. A website for accessing the digital folklore archive is designed and implemented.

Citation: Dochkova-Todorova, J., Todorova, M., Valcheva, D. (2011) Social-Oriented Applications of the Folklore Heritage for the Needs of the Non-formal Learning and Cultural Tourisms. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 51-59, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
51-59

Lozanka Peycheva, Nikolay Kirov - Bulgarian Folk Songs in a Digital Library

Abstract. The paper presents the main results of an ongoing project aimed at the development of technologies for digitization of Bulgarian folk music and building a heterogeneous digital library with Bulgarian folk songs presented with their music, notes and text. An initial digitization and preservation of the Bulgarian cultural heritage starts by means of digitization and insertion into the library of over 1000 songs that were recorded and written down during the 60s and 70s of XX century. Also we present a full text search engine in a collection of lyrics (text of songs) and coded notes (symbolic melody). Some perspectives for future projects are also discussed.

Citation: Peycheva, L., Kirov, N. (2011) Bulgarian Folk Songs in a Digital Library. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 60-68, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
60-68

Vitaly Didkovsky, Svetlana Lunyova, Vitaly Zaets, Tihomir Trifonov - Research of the Acoustic Characteristics of the Bell "Mazepa"of the Sofia Cathedral (Kiev) and their Comparison with Characteristics of Bulgarian Bell

Abstract. Experimental researches of one of the eldest bells («Mazepa»-see Appendix1) in Ukraine, are considered in the article. The spectra and spectra-time analysis of bell ringing is embodied, main frequencies of oscillation and musical intervals of sounding are determined. Comparative description of bell sounding with the known bells of Russia and Bulgaria is given.

Citation: Didkovsky, V., Lunyova, S., Zaets, V., Trifonov, T. (2011) Research of the Acoustic Characteristics of the Bell "Mazepa"of the Sofia Cathedral (Kiev) and their Comparison with Characteristics of Bulgarian Bell. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 69-78, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
69-78

Kseniia Sapozhnikova, Roald Taymanov - Acoustic Riddles of Cultural Heritage

Abstract. It is shown, that in the process of evolution, a relationship between some hidden parameters of acoustic signals and expected emotional response to them has been formed. This relationship is a necessary condition for a living creature to survive. The efficiency of the concept represented is illustrated using examples from the field of classical music, ethnic African music, as well as biolinguistic signals of animals. Reasons of a particular impact of bell rings are analyzed using acoustic signals of some Bulgarian and Russian bell rings and chimes.

Citation: Sapozhnikova, K., Taymanov, R. (2011) Acoustic Riddles of Cultural Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 79-90, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
79-90

Galina Bogdanova, Todor Todorov, Nikolay Noev - Digital Repository of Information and Knowledge - Fund "BellKnow"

Abstract. The aim was to develop an archive containing detailed description of church bells. As an object of cultural heritage the bell has general properties such as geometric dimensions, weight, sound of each of the bells, the pitch of the tone as well as acoustical diagrams obtained using contemporary equipment. The audio, photo and video archive is developed by using advanced technologies for analysis, reservation and data protection.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Todorov, T., Noev, N. (2011) Digital Repository of Information and Knowledge - Fund "BellKnow". Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 91-98, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
91-98

Maxim Goynov, Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Margaret Dimitrova - Online Access to the Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum

Abstract. Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum project aims at building a repertoire of medieval and early modern Bulgarian texts for saints in combination with ethnological data and some visual sources. A basic project task is to produce an accessible on-line digital repository of this valuable cultural heritage treasure. The paper presents the Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum environment, its architecture, functional specification, application modeling process and software implementation. The paper also discusses the specifics of the “Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum” project and its knowledge domain. The paper also presents the integration between the Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum and the Bulgarian Iconographical Digital Library, a digital library keeping rare specimens, private collections of Orthodox icons, wall-paintings and other iconographical objects, selected from difficult-to-access storages, distant churches, chapels, and monasteries, objects in a risk environment or unstable conditions.

Citation: Goynov, M., Paneva-Marinova, D., Dimitrova, M. (2011) Online Access to the Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 99-110, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
99-110

Galina Bogdanova, Violina Atanasova, Todor Todorov - Information Technologies for Presentation of Bulgarian-Indian Cooperation in a Virtual Museum

Abstract. We investigate digitalization and security of the Bulgarian and Indian cultural artifacts in multimedia archive. In the paper we describe project implementation and methods for intellectual property protection that are result of bilateral cultural and scientific cooperation between research-workers in India and Bulgaria.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Atanasova, V., Todorov, T. (2011) Information Technologies for Presentation of Bulgarian-Indian Cooperation in a Virtual Museum. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 111-116, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
111-116

Krassimira Ivanova, Iliya Mitov, Peter L. Stanchev, Milena Dobreva, Koen Vanhoof, Benoit Depaire - Applying Associative Classifier PGN for Digitised Cultural Heritage Resource Discovery

Abstract. Resource discovery is one of the key services in digitised cultural heritage collections. It requires intelligent mining in heterogeneous digital content as well as capabilities in large scale performance; this explains the recent advances in classification methods. Associative classifiers are convenient data mining tools used in the field of cultural heritage, by applying their possibilities to taking into account the specific combinations of the attribute values. Usually, the associative classifiers prioritize the support over the confidence. The proposed classifier PGN questions this common approach and focuses on confidence first by retaining only 100% confidence rules. The classification tasks in the field of cultural heritage usually deal with data sets with many class labels. This variety is caused by the richness of accumulated culture during the centuries. Comparisons of classifier PGN with other classifiers, such as OneR, JRip and J48, show the competitiveness of PGN in recognizing multi-class datasets on collections of masterpieces from different West and East European Fine Art authors and movements.

Citation: Ivanova, K., Mitov, I., Stanchev, P. L., Dobreva, M., Vanhoof, K., Depaire, B. (2011) Applying Associative Classifier PGN for Digitised Cultural Heritage Resource Discovery. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 117-126, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
117-126

Paul Cotofrei, Christophe Kunzi, Kilian Stoffel - Semantic Interpretation of 3D Point Clouds of Historical Objects

Abstract. This paper presents the main concepts of a project under development concerning the analysis process of a scene containing a large number of objects, represented as unstructured point clouds. To achieve what we called the “optimal scene interpretation” (the shortest scene description satisfying the MDL principle) we follow an approach for managing 3-D objects based on a semantic framework based on ontologies for adding and sharing conceptual knowledge about spatial objects.

Citation: Cotofrei, P., Kunzi, C., Stoffel, K. (2011) Semantic Interpretation of 3D Point Clouds of Historical Objects. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 127-139, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
127-139

Ludmila Dimitrova, Ralitsa Dutsova, Rumiana Panova - Information Technologies for the Preservation of Language Heritage

Abstract. In this paper we try to present how information technologies as tools for the creation of digital bilingual dictionaries can help the preservation of natural languages. Natural languages are an outstanding part of human cultural values and for that reason they should be preserved as part of the world cultural heritage. We describe our work on the bilingual lexical database supporting the Bulgarian-Polish Online dictionary. The main software tools for the web-presentation of the dictionary are shortly described. We focus our special attention on the presentation of verbs, the richest from a specific characteristics viewpoint linguistic category in Bulgarian.

Citation: Dimitrova, L., Dutsova, R., Panova, R. (2011) Information Technologies for the Preservation of Language Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 140-150, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
140-150

Ludmila Dimitrova - Language Resources – a Part of World Cultural Heritage

Abstract. This article briefly reviews multilingual language resources for Bulgarian, developed in the frame of some international projects: the first-ever annotated Bulgarian MTE digital lexical resources, Bulgarian-Polish corpus, Bulgarian-Slovak parallel and aligned corpus, and Bulgarian-Polish-Lithuanian corpus. These resources are valuable multilingual dataset for language engineering research and development for Bulgarian language. The multilingual corpora are large repositories of language data with an important role in preserving and supporting the world's cultural heritage, because the natural language is an outstanding part of the human cultural values and collective memory, and a bridge between cultures.

Citation: Dimitrova, L. (2011) Language Resources – a Part of World Cultural Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 151-160, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
151-160

Evgeniya Rusinova, Georgeta Nazarska - Digitization of Literary Heritage in the Bulgarian Libraries: Facing Problems and Challenges

Abstract. Paper deals with the current issues and challenges before digitization of literary heritage in the Bulgarian libraries. Main problems are outlined. Socialization of digitized heritage is commented.

Citation: Rusinova, E., Nazarska, G. (2011) Digitization of Literary Heritage in the Bulgarian Libraries: Facing Problems and Challenges. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 161-164, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
161-164

Georgi Simeonov, Peter L. Stanchev - Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Bulgaria

Abstract. The paper presents the current situation regarding open access, institutional repositories (IRs) and journals in Bulgaria. It focuses on e-publications and related research content available in digital format on the web. It includes development of IRs in Bulgaria and discusses their content, software and various access restrictions that apply to content. A survey is used to identify current state of open access for IR and e-journals not just those that are using OAI-PMH.

Citation: Simeonov, G., Stanchev, P. L. (2011) Open Access and Institutional Repositories in Bulgaria. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 165-170, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
165-170

Anelia Krandeva, Silvia Emiryan - Access to the Sound Archives of the Bulgarian National Radio

Abstract. The aim of this paper is to review the sound archives of the Bulgarian National Radio (BNR). The accesses to different sound archives are analyzed. A case study for preparing a radio presentation using the existing archives is outline.

Citation: Krandeva, A., Emiryan, S. (2011) Access to the Sound Archives of the Bulgarian National Radio. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 171-177, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
171-177

Peter L. Stanchev - OpenAIREplus

Abstract. Directions the outcomes of the OpenAIRE project, which implements the EC Open Access (OA) pilot. Capitalizing on the OpenAIRE infrastructure, built for managing FP7 and ERC funded articles, and the associated supporting mechanism of the European Helpdesk System, OpenAIREplus will “develop an open access, participatory infrastructure for scientific information”. It will significantly expand its base of harvested publications to also include all OA publications indexed by the DRIVER infrastructure (more than 270 validated institutional repositories) and any other repository containing “peer-reviewed literature” that complies with certain standards. It will also generically harvest and index the metadata of scientific datasets in selected diverse OA thematic data repositories. It will support the concept of linked publications by deploying novel services for “linking peer-reviewed literature and associated data sets and collections”, from link discovery based on diverse forms of mining (textual, usage, etc.), to storage, visual representation, and on-line exploration. It will offer both user-level services to experts and “non-scientists” alike as well as programming interfaces for “providers of value-added services” to build applications on its content. Deposited articles and data will be openly accessible through an enhanced version of the OpenAIRE portal, together with any available relevant information on associated project funding and usage statistics. OpenAIREplus will retain its European footprint, engaging people and scientific repositories in almost all 27 EU member states and beyond. The technical work will be complemented by a suite of studies and associated research efforts that will partly proceed in collaboration with “different European initiatives” and investigate issues of “intellectual property rights, efficient financing models, and standards”.

Citation: Stanchev, P. L. (2011) OpenAIREplus. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 178, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
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Galina Bogdanova, Svilen Stefanov, Todor Todorov, Jordan Shterev, Nikolay Noev - The Knowledge in Automotive Field Representation with Modern Technologies

Abstract. Modern technologies have changed the way of presenting information in archives. This makes it possible to introduce new services, which was unimaginable a few years ago. Digitalization, security and virtual presentation of objects in the sphere of motoring by application of technologies, based on knowledge about how to create digital resources is the theme of this project. The aim of AutoKnow project is to carry out a research and create a multi-media digital archive AutoKnow and Experimental Virtual Motor Laboratory (EVML) with Motor Library (ML) from digital multi-media patterns from a selected group of objects in the sphere of automobile technology, presented by NMU. This makes it possible to widely apply multi-media collections in automobile engineering, teaching, research work in that sphere and serve the interests of a large number of auto-amateurs as well in Bulgaria. The research and development of АutoKnow is in the following mutually related fields: Creation and annotation of collections of objects in the sphere of automobiles; Creation, analysis and security of a digital archive AutoKnow; Design and creation of Digital Motor Library; Socially-oriented applications in education, scientific studies and Experimental Virtual Motor Laboratory; Informational System for teaching and testing of knowledge in the sphere of automobiles MindCheck.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Stefanov, S., Todorov, T., Shterev, J., Noev, N. (2011) The Knowledge in Automotive Field Representation with Modern Technologies. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 179, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
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Kalina Ivanova, Kaloyan Zdravkov - Digital Collections in Regional Public Library "P. R. Slaveikov" – Veliko Tarnovo in the Context of the National Program for Preservation and Promotion of Literary Heritage

Abstract. Nowadays the great public libraries in Bulgaria are gaining the appearance of digital centers which provide new informational resources and services in the digital space. The digital conversion as a way of preservation is one of the important priorities of Regional Public Library in Veliko Tarnovo. In the last few years we persistently search for possible ways of financing by national and foreign programs in this direction. In the beginning the strategy was oriented to digitalization of the funds with most urgent conversion – these of the local studies periodicals from 1878 till 1944 year. The digitalization of funds will create conditions of laying the basement of full text database of Bulgarian periodical publications. The technology that is offered gives opportunities for including other libraries in the Unified index, which can develop it into a National Unified index of periodical publications. The integrated informational environment that is created is an attractive, comfortable and useful place for work in home or at work for researchers, historians, art experts, bibliographers. The library readers use very actively all informational services of the library internet page and work competently with the on-line indexes provided there, they find the necessary title, which can be demanded later for usage in home or in the library, using electronic means again.

Citation: Ivanova, K., Zdravkov, K. (2011) Digital Collections in Regional Public Library "P. R. Slaveikov" – Veliko Tarnovo in the Context of the National Program for Preservation and Promotion of Literary Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 180, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
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Galina Bogdanova, Todor Todorov, Nikolay Noev - Development, Annotation and Protection of Digital Archive "Bulgarian Folklore Heritage"

Abstract. The key to prosperity in today's world is access to digital content and skills to create new content. Investigations of folklore artifacts is the topic of this article, presenting research related to the national program „Knowledge Technologies for Creation of Digital Presentation and Significant Repositories of Folklore Heritage” (FolkKnow). FolkKnow aims to build a digital multimedia archive "Bulgarian Folklore Heritage” (BFH) and virtual information portal with folk media library of digitized multimedia objects from a selected collection of the fund of Institute of Ethnology and Folklore Studies with Ethnographic Museum (IEFSEM) of the Bulgarian Academy of Science (BAS). The realization of the project FolkKnow gives opportunity for wide social applications of the multimedia collections, for the purposes of Interactive distance learning/self-learning, research activities in the field of Bulgarian traditional culture and for the cultural and ethno-tourism. We study, analyze and implement techniques and methods for digitization of multimedia objects and their annotation. In the paper are discussed specifics approaches used to building and protect a digital archive with multimedia content. Tasks can be systematized in the following guidelines: Digitization of the selected samples; Analysis of the objects in order to determine the metadata of selected artifacts from selected collections and problem areas; Digital multimedia archive; Socially-oriented applications and virtual exhibitions artery; Frequency dictionary tool for texts with folklore themes; A method of modern technologies of protecting intellectual property and copyrights on digital content developed for use in digital exposures.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Todorov, T., Noev, N. (2011) Development, Annotation and Protection of Digital Archive "Bulgarian Folklore Heritage". Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 181, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
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Radoslav Pavlov, Desislava Paneva-Marinova - Digital Libraries and Portals Saving National Cultural Heritage (IMI–BAS Experience)

Abstract. The current research activities of the Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (IMI—BAS) include the study and application of knowledge-based methods for the creation, integration and development of multimedia digital libraries with applications in cultural heritage. This report presents IMI-BAS’s developments at the digital library management systems and portals, i.e. the Bulgarian Iconographical Digital Library, the Bulgarian Folklore Digital Library and the Bulgarian Folklore Artery, etc. developed during the several national and international projects: “Digital Libraries with Multimedia Content and its Application in Bulgarian Cultural Heritage” (contract 8/21.07.2005 between the IMI–BAS, and the State Agency for Information Technologies and Communications; FP6/IST/P-027451 PROJECT LOGOS "Knowledge-on-Demand for Ubiquitous Learning", EU FP6, IST, Priority 2.4.13 "Strengthening the Integration of the ICT research effort in an Enlarged Europe"; NSF project D-002-189 SINUS “Semantic Technologies for Web Services and Technology Enhanced Learning”; NSF project IO-03-03/2006 “Development of Digital Libraries and Information Portal with Virtual Exposition “Bulgarian Folklore Heritage””. The presented prototypes aims to provide flexible and effective access to the multimedia presentation of the cultural heritage artefacts and collections, maintaining different forms and format of the digitized information content and rich functionality for interaction. The developments are a result of long-standing interests and work in the technological developments in information systems, knowledge processing and content management systems. The current research activities aims at creating innovative solutions for assembling multimedia digital libraries for collaborative use in specific cultural heritage context, maintaining their semantic interoperability and creating new services for dynamic aggregation of their resources, access improvement, personification, intelligent curation of content, and content protection. The investigations are directed towards the development of distributed tools for aggregating heterogeneous content and ensuring semantic compatibility with the European digital library EUROPEANA, thus providing possibilities for pan-European access to rich digitalised collections of Bulgarian cultural heritage.

Citation: Pavlov, R., Paneva-Marinova, D. (2011) Digital Libraries and Portals Saving National Cultural Heritage (IMI–BAS Experience). Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 1, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2011, pp. 182, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
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