Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage.

Volume 10, Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2020

Preface  

Table of Contents

 

Invited Papers

 

Nektarios Moumoutzis, Nikolaos Apostolos Rigas, Chara Xanthaki, Yiannis Maragkoudakis, Stavros Christodoulakis>, Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Lilia Pavlova – Employing Theatrical Games to Establish and Support Onlife Learning Communities on Mathematical Principles of Informatics

Abstract. This paper presents how the PerFECt Framework for establishing and sustaining learning communities can be combined with innovative approaches of teaching mathematics using drama, to develop unplugged activities to introduce the binary system in primary and secondary school students. The resulting Human Calculator theatrical game enables students, using their bodies, to learn the binary representation of numbers and discover the algorithms of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

Title: Employing Theatrical Games to Establish and Support Onlife Learning Communities on Mathematical Principles of Informatics

Authors: Nektarios Moumoutzis1,2, Nikolaos Apostolos Rigas1, Chara Xanthaki3, Yiannis Maragkoudakis1, Stavros Christodoulakis1, Desislava Paneva-Marinova2, Lilia Pavlova4

1 Laboratory of Distributed Multimedia Information Systems and Applications, School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Technical University of Crete, 73100, Chania, Crete, Greece

2 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

3 Directorate of Secondary Education, Chania, 73100, Chania, Crete, Greece

4 Laboratory of Telematics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Onlife Communities, Theatrical Games, Teaching Informatics, Binary System.

Received: June 15, 2020 Reviewed: July 01, 2020 Final Accepted: July 19, 2020

Citiation: Moumoutzis, N., Rigas, N.A., Xanthaki, Ch., Maragkoudakis, Y., Christodoulakis, S., Paneva-Marinova, D., Pavlova, L. (2020), Employing Theatrical Games to Establish and Support Onlife Learning Communities on Mathematical Principles of Informatics. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 19-44, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
019-044

Vladimir Alexiev, Plamen Tarkalanov, Nikola Georgiev, Lilia Pavlova – Bulgarian Icons in Wikidata and EDM

Abstract. We briefly describe Wikidata, its importance for GLAM institutions, iconographic authorities in Mix-n-Match. Then we propose an Icon Knowledge Graph Model comprising the entities: iconographer, iconographic school, herminia, icon, measurements, material, technique, iconographic subject (saint or a title of the Virgin Mary), location (city, monastery, church, museum), scientific article, academic journal, issue, links to LOD datasets (e.g. VIAF, Getty AAT, ISBN, ISSN, academia.edu). Then we introduce the Virtual Encyclopedia of Bulgarian Icons (BIDL) and describe how we ex-ported it to Wikidata, while coreferencing to iconographers, saints, locations; and the extra info we added for such entities. Finally, we describe a conversion to the Europeana Data Model, including details such as links to Wikidata, bilingual descriptions, language tags, providers. The online version of the paper includes live links; the accompanying presentation includes more images and queries.

Title: Bulgarian Icons in Wikidata and EDM

Authors: Vladimir Alexiev1, Plamen Tarkalanov1, Nikola Georgiev1, Lilia Pavlova2

1 Ontotext Corp, Sofia, Bulgaria

2 Laboratory of Telematics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Knowledge Graphs, Semantic Integration, GLAM, Wikidata, OpenRefine, Icons, Religious Icons, Iconography, Iconographic Subject, GLAM, CLADA, BIDL, Virtual Encyclopedia of Bulgarian Icons.

Received: June 30, 2020 Reviewed: July 15, 2020 Final Accepted: July 23, 2020

Citiation: Alexiev, V., Tarkalanov, P., Georgiev, N., Pavlova, L. (2020), Bulgarian Icons in Wikidata and EDM. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 45-64, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
045-064

Dimitar Iliev – Laptops in the Auditorium: Facing Educational Challenges in Classics by Teaching Digital Tools

Abstract. Higher education in the Arts and Humanities nowadays faces global challenges. By its very nature, Classics is among the disciplines which experience the harshest consequences of the large economic and cultural shifts we are witnessing. In the last decades, the students graduating from the BA curriculum of the Department of Classics to the University of Sofia have decreased in number, their profiles, motivation and interests have gone through various changes, their devotion to reclusive, slow and thorough acquisition of knowledge – so characteristic of the typical figure of the classicist a century ago – has significantly diminished. On the other hand, new technologies not only became ubiquitous in the lives of students and teachers alike but also gave rise to the multidisciplinary field of Digital Humanities, and Digital Classics in particular. Several such initiatives have been developing at the Department of Classics to the University of Sofia and, as of late, have also been introduced to the BA curriculum in Classics. The paper will discuss how getting involved in activities such as encoding ancient Greek inscriptions or working on parallel text alignment can serve as a quick and efficient introduction to more complex research problems and approaches in advanced fields like epigraphy. The general request of policy-makers and public alike for practically oriented higher education yielding quick and relevant results often leads to shallower educational results of lesser quality. Solving research issues through working on ancient sources with digital tools can be a way of acquiring deeper knowledge of the subject matter of Classics more quickly. Examples from different courses and project activities will be examined in order to observe how digitally-aided research works in practice.

Title: Laptops in the Auditorium: Facing Educational Challenges in Classics by Teaching Digital Tools

Authors: Dimitar Iliev1

1 Department of Classics, Faculty of Classical and Modern Languages, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Classics, Digital Humanities, BA Curriculum, Education, Practice.

Received: May 30, 2020 Reviewed: June 15, 2020 Final Accepted: July 13, 2020

Citiation: Iliev, D., (2020), Laptops in the Auditorium: Facing Educational Challenges in Classics by Teaching Digital Tools. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 65-78, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
065-078

Dimitar Minev, Ivan Kratchanov – Useful in Times of Crisis: Improved Access to Online Content

Abstract. This paper gives an overview of the current efforts of National Library “Ivan Vazov” in the field of digitization. It focusses on the technical aspects of a digitalization project, involving OCR and provides insight into the library’s joint efforts with its partners to develop relevant tools and methodologies.

Title: Useful in Times of Crisis: Improved Access to Online Content

Authors: Dimitar Minev1, Ivan Kratchanov1

1 National Library “Ivan Vazov”, 17 Avksentii Veleshki St., 4000 Plovdiv, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Digitization, Plovdiv, Cultural Heritage, Digital Library.

Received: June 16, 2020 Reviewed: June 30, 2020 Final Accepted: July 15, 2020

Citiation: Minev, D., Kratchanov, I. (2020), Useful in Times of Crisis: Improved Access to Online Content. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 79-86, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
079-086

Full Papers

 

Alexander Iliev, Ameya Mote, Arjun Manoharan – Cross-Cultural Emotion Recognition and Comparison Using Convolutional Neural Networks

Abstract. The paper sets to define a comparison of emotions across 3 different cultures namely Canadian French, Italian, and North American. This was achieved using speech samples for each of the three languages subject to our study. The features used were MFCCs and were passed through convolutional neural network in order to verify their significance for the task of emotion recognition through speech. Three different systems were trained and tested, one for each language. The accuracy came to 71.10%, 79.07%, and 73.89% for each of them respectively. The aim was to prove that the feature vectors we used were representing each emotion well. A comparison across each emotion, gender and language was drawn at the end and it was observed that apart from the emotion neutral, every other emotion was ex-pressed somewhat differently by each culture. Speech is one of the main vehicles to recognize emotions and is an attractive area to be studied with ap-plication to presenting and preserving different cultural and scientific heritage.

Title: Cross-Cultural Emotion Recognition and Comparison Using Convolutional Neural Networks

Authors: Alexander Iliev1,2, Ameya Mote1, Arjun Manoharan1

1 SRH University Berlin, Charlottenburg, Germany,

2 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Cross-Cultural Emotion Recognition and Comparison using Convolutional Neural Networks

Received: June 16, 2020 Reviewed: June 27, 2020 Final Accepted: July 05, 2020

Citiation: Iliev, A., Mote, A., Manoharan, A. (2020), Cross-Cultural Emotion Recognition and Comparison Using Convolutional Neural Networks. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 89-102, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
089-102

Akash Apturkar, Alexander I. Iliev, Amruth Anand, Arush Oli, Swadesh Reddy Siddenki, Vikram Reddy Meka – Sentiment Analysis of Speech with Application to Various Languages

Abstract. In this paper we aim to explore and implement a modern speech recognition system using Natural Language Processing (NLP) and sentiment analysis that can be applied in the area of audio and text archive investigation from various languages. To that end we developed a project that can be used to convert speech to text and perform various analysis on a converted text. Furthermore, we focused on recognizing different information such as names, emotions and also determine the overall sentiment of a script. Furthermore, we perform web scraping for names and organizations of importance used in speech. To achieve this, we used Python with various specialized modules. In order to simplify the task of collecting and storing audio inputs for processing we have developed an Android app with connection to a cloud database. This methodology can easily be applied for the purposes of digital presentation and preservation of cultural and scientific heritage.

Title: Sentiment Analysis of Speech with Application to Various Languages

Authors: Akash Apturkar1, Alexander I. Iliev1,2, Amruth Anand1, Arush Oli1, Swadesh Reddy Siddenki1, Vikram Reddy Meka1

1 SRH Berlin University, Charlottenburg, Germany

2 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Emotion Recognition, Speech Analysis, Language Processing, Android, Digital Archives.

Received: June 10, 2020 Reviewed: June 25, 2020 Final Accepted: June 30, 2020

Citiation: Apturkar, A., Iliev, A.I., Anand, A., Oli, A., Siddenki, S.R., Meka, V.R. (2020), Sentiment Analysis of Speech with Application to Various Languages. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 103-118, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
103-118

Paola Branduini, Mattia Previtali, Marco Quaggiotto, Monica Resmini – Unravelling Landscape Permanencies: A Digital Historical Journey into the Milanese Countryside

Abstract. The objective of the applied research is the construction of a cross-media map to discover the agricultural landscape, through the digitization and geo-referencing on Google maps of historical maps and photos of the Cà Granda Foundation Archive. It allows the visualization and immediate accessibility of landscape transformations, in a sort of multimedia journey through time.

Title: Unravelling Landscape Permanencies: A Digital Historical Journey into the Milanese Countryside

Authors: Paola Branduini1, Mattia Previtali1, Marco Quaggiotto2, Monica Resmini3

1 ABC Department, Politecnico of Milan, Via Ponzio 31, Milan, Italy

2 DESIGN department, Politecnico of Milan, Via Giovanni Durando 38/A, Milan, Italy

3 DASTU Department, Politecnico of Milan, Via Edoardo Bonardi 3, Milan, Italy

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Keywords: Landscape, Geo-reference, Digital Mapping, Cultural Heritage, Interactive Device.

Received: June 08, 2020 Reviewed: June 19, 2020 Final Accepted: July 10, 2020

Citiation: Branduini, P., Previtali, M., Quaggiotto, M., Resmini, M. (2020), Unravelling Landscape Permanencies: A Digital Historical Journey into the Milanese Countryside. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 119-128, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
119-128

Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Lubomir Zlatkov, Lilia Pavlova, Detelin Luchev, Maxim Goynov – Beneficial Learning Observation of a Virtual Museum for Ancient History

Abstract. For a long time, cultural heritage has been preserved in archiving institutions such as museums, libraries, galleries, and restoration laboratories, resulting in access and review limitations. Digital technologies are introducing new solutions for documentation, maintenance and distribution of this valuable treasure. Among these new technologies are virtual museums, which have already proven their worth as a contemporary solution for attractive presentation of cultural archives. This article aims to present an innovative virtual museum, managing diverse collections of digital objects, organized in various ways by a complex specialized functionality. We focus on tools for improved content observation and enhanced learning experience, giving new solutions for effective use of virtual museum content for learning purposes.

Title: Beneficial Learning Observation of a Virtual Museum for Ancient History

Authors: Desislava Paneva-Marinova1, Lubomir Zlatkov1, Lilia Pavlova2, Detelin Luchev1, Maxim Goynov1

1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

2 Laboratory of Telematics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Ancient History, Learning Experience, Personalization, Virtual Museum.

Received: June 02, 2020 Reviewed: June 25, 2020 Final Accepted: July 05, 2020

Citiation: Paneva-Marinova, D., Zlatkov, L., Pavlova, L., Luchev, D., Goynov, M. (2020), Beneficial Learning Observation of a Virtual Museum for Ancient History. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 129-138, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
129-138

Joanna Spassova-Dikova – The Challenges for Live Performance Arts in the Digital Era and New Digimodern Art Hybrids

Abstract. The paper is in the frame of the proposed topic about virtual re-constructions and interactive multimedia solutions especially for performance arts in the digital era and the newly opened possibilities and challenges. Examples from the world and Bulgarian practices for the emergence of different new digimodern art hybrids are analyzed.

Title: The Challenges for Live Performance Arts in the Digital Era and New Digimodern Art Hybrids

Authors: Joanna Spassova-Dikova1

1 Institute of Art Studies – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 21 Krakra Str., Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Posthumanism, Live Performance Arts, Digimodernism, Art Hybrids.

Received: June 05, 2020 Reviewed: June 18, 2020 Final Accepted: June 22, 2020

Citiation: Spassova-Dikova, J. (2020), The Challenges for Live Performance Arts in the Digital Era and New Digimodern Art Hybrids. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 139-148, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
139-148

Zsolt László Márkus, Tibor Szkaliczki, György Szántó, Miklós Veres, Zsolt Weisz – Preservation and Presentation of Roland Eötvös' Scientific Heritage

Abstract. In association with UNESCO, the world’s scientific community commemorated in 2019 the 100th anniversary of the death of Roland Eötvös, a world-famous Hungarian polyhistor. This paper presents various multimedia tools and services applied in the commemorative year to preserve and present his multifold scientific and societal heritage on Web and mobile platforms.

Title: Preservation and Presentation of Roland Eötvös' Scientific Heritage

Authors: Zsolt László Márkus1, Tibor Szkaliczki1, György Szántó1, Miklós Veres1, Zsolt Weisz1

1 Institute for Computer Science and Control (SZTAKI), 13-17, Kende u., H-1111 Budapest, Hungary

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Keywords: Scientific Heritage, Physics Digitization, Mobile Applications, Web Sites, Panorama Pictures.

Received: June 10, 2020 Reviewed: June 23, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Márkus, Z.L., Szkaliczki, T., Szántó,G., Veres, M., Weisz, Z. (2020), Preservation and Presentation of Roland Eötvös' Scientific Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 149-158, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
149-158

Evita Pilege, Sandra Plota, Girts Pilegis – Impact of Digital Technologies on Development of Creative Industries

Abstract. The aim of the paper is to analyze the impact of information technology on the development of creative industry in general, as well as during the Covid-19 pandemic. Finally, the Latvian Colleges of Culture project for the promotion of the competitiveness of the creative sector in the digital age will be described.

Title: Impact of Digital Technologies on Development of Creative Industries

Authors: Evita Pilege1, Sandra Plota1, Girts Pilegis2

1 Latvian College of Culture at Latvian Academy of Culture, Bruninieku street 57, Riga, Latvia

2 SIA Evolution Latvia, Brivibas iela 151, Riga, Latvia

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Keywords: Creative Industries, Information Technologies, Education, Digitalization, Covid-19.

Received: June 25, 2020 Reviewed: July 13, 2020 Final Accepted: July 20, 2020

Citiation: Pilege, E., Plota, S., Pilegis, G. (2020), Impact of Digital Technologies on Development of Creative Industries. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 159-172, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
159-172

Magdelena Stoyanova, Diego C. Stoyanov, Lilia Pavlova – Digital Reconstruction by Imaging and Post Processing Techniques of the Nicopeia Icon Transformations

Abstract. The famous palladium of Venice, the Nicopeia icon kept in the basilica of San Marco, 1968 underwent spectral and micro chemical investigations. Their largely overlooked to the moment findings proved the existence of more superimposed images of Our Lady, not identical with the one visible today. The present paper analyzes the issues of these laboratory ex-aminations from technical-technological point of view to the end to gain as many as possible insights into the composition, sequence and plastic construction of the original painting and its successive transformations. The visualization of the outcomes and the evaluation of the various work hypotheses are supported by imaging and post processing techniques ranging from digitization and optimization of old analogue photos to image manipulation methods. The results allow to draw conclusions not only about the appearance of the hidden Mother of God and about its original significance, but al-so to address for first time with scientific criteria the question of the icon’s date and provenance.

Title: Digital Reconstruction by Imaging and Post Processing Techniques of the Nicopeia Icon Transformations

Authors: Magdelena Stoyanova1, Diego C. Stoyanov2, Lilia Pavlova3

1 Ca’ Foscari University, Centro Interdisciplinare di Studi Balcanici ed Internazionali, Venice, Italy

2 University of Padova, Faculty of Engineering, Padova, Italy

3 Laboratory of Telematics, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Image Post Processing, Mother of God Nicopeia, Technical-technological Analysis.

Received: May 22, 2020 Reviewed: June 10, 2020 Final Accepted: June 26, 2020

Citiation: Stoyanova, M. Stoyanov, D.C., Pavlova, L. (2020), Digital Reconstruction by Imaging and Post Processing Techniques of the Nicopeia Icon Transformations. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 173-184, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
173-184

Stefka Kovacheva, Ludmila Dimitrova – Web-based Application for Presentation of UNESCO Bulgarian Cultural Heritage as a Knowledge-based Tool for E-Learning

Abstract. The article briefly describes the database “Bulgarian cultural and historical heritage under the protection of UNESCO” and its realization through web based application. The web application follows the approach Understanding by Design, a modern pedagogical strategy aiming presentation of additional learning content. The web based application provides additional content in a multimedia environment that encourages the learners to manipulate information and learn through specific experiences upon re-search. The database and its realization – a web application as a knowledge-based tool for e-learning, were designed and developed in IMI (BAS).

Title: Web-based Application for Presentation of UNESCO Bulgarian Cultural Heritage as a Knowledge-based Tool for E-Learning

Authors: Stefka Kovacheva1, Ludmila Dimitrova1

1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Database, Web based application, e-Learning, UNESCO.

Received: June 06, 2020 Reviewed: June 23, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Kovacheva, S., Dimitrova, L. (2020), Web-based Application for Presentation of UNESCO Bulgarian Cultural Heritage as a Knowledge-based Tool for E-Learning. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 185-194, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
185-194

Ahlem Kebir, Sabrina Kacher, Daniel Meneveaux – PRADO: An Education Tool for Moorish Architectural Heritage through Virtual Reality

Abstract. This article presents a workflow for creating a 3D virtual environment, dedicated to the architectural heritage education. The objective is to make the process accessible to any museum, through a space by space construction. The obtained results are employed in a virtual tour of the Bardo of Algiers, a witness to Moorish palatial architecture.

Title: PRADO: An Education Tool for Moorish Architectural Heritage through Virtual Reality

Authors: Ahlem Kebir1, Sabrina Kacher1, Daniel Meneveaux2

1 Ecole polytechnique d’Architecture et d’urbanisme, LVAP laboratory, Algiers, Algeria

2 Poitiers University, XLIM laboratory, 11 Bd Marie et Pierre Curie, Poitiers, France

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Keywords: Built Heritage, Heritage education, Moorish Architecture, Virtual Reality, 3D modeling.

Received: May 11, 2020 Reviewed: June 17, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Kebir, A., Kacher, S., Meneveaux, D. (2020), PRADO: An Education Tool for Moorish Architectural Heritage through Virtual Reality. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 195-204, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
195-204

Short Papers

 

Rodica-Mariana Ion, Dan Adrian Vasile – Digital Restoration and Preservation of Deteriorated Mural Paintings by Advanced 3D Measurement Technologies

Abstract. The external factors from nature are responsible for weathering of different monuments and cause considerable deterioration of Old mural Paintings. This paper presents a virtual reconstruction scheme useful for subsequent restoration processes of the degraded versions of the murals from Matia Loggia, Corvins’Castle, Hunedoara, Romania. The analysis of materials and techniques and the possible deterioration mechanisms are dis-cussed, too, correlated with the colour digital photography and mapping of visible painting degraded area were conducted.

Title: Digital Restoration and Preservation of Deteriorated Mural Paintings by Advanced 3D Measurement Technologies

Authors: Rodica-Mariana Ion1,2, Dan Adrian Vasile1

1 ICECHIM, Research Group Evaluation and Conservation of Research Group, 202 Splaiul Independentei, Bucharest, Romania

2 University of Valahia, Materials Engineering Dept., 13 Aleia Sinaia, Targoviste

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Keywords: Restoration, Preservation, Mural Paintings.

Received: June 17, 2020 Reviewed: June 12, 2020 Final Accepted: July 27, 2020

Citiation: Ion, R.-M., Vasile, D.A. (2020), Digital Restoration and Preservation of Deteriorated Mural Paintings by Advanced 3D Measurement Technologies. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 207-212, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
207-212

Galina Bogdanova, Todor Todorov, Nikolay Noev – Accessibility Testing of Digital Cultural Heritage

Abstract. In the paper we discuss the problem of building a web site that is accessible to the people with different disabilities. We show some basic guidelines that should be followed by the web site developers in order to complete this task. Also, some special web content accessibility testing tools are presented. Finally, we make special attention to accessibility of some of the most popular digital cultural heritage web archives.

Title: Accessibility Testing of Digital Cultural Heritage

Authors: Galina Bogdanova1, Todor Todorov1,2, Nikolay Noev1

1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

2 St. St. Cyril and Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo, Veliko Tarnovo, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Accessibility, Digital Cultural Heritage, Europeana.

Received: June 07, 2020 Reviewed: June 23, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Bogdanova, G., Todorov, T., Noev, N. (2020), Accessibility Testing of Digital Cultural Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 213-218, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
213-218

Orlin Kouzov – Using Big Data for Solving Big Problems of the Cultural and Historical Heritage

Abstract. Damage or destruction of cultural and historical objects due to time and other factors is a key problem in culturology and archaeology. The article examines the use of technologies related to processing of the so-called „big data“ in search of a rational solution to this important scientific and social problem.

Title: Using Big Data for Solving Big Problems of the Cultural and Historical Heritage

Authors: Orlin Kouzov1,2

1 GATE Institute – Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”, 125 Tsarigradsko shosse Blvd., Block 2, Floor 3, Sofia, Bulgaria

2 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Acad. Georgi Bonchev Str., Block 8, 1113 Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Big Data, Artificial Intelligence, Digital Reconstruction, Machine Learning, Computational Model.

Received: May 14, 2020 Reviewed: June 10, 2020 Final Accepted: July 10, 2020

Citiation: Kouzov, O. (2020), Using Big Data for Solving Big Problems of the Cultural and Historical Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 218-224, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
219-224

Daniela Pavlova – Digital Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Opportunities Created by the Pandemic Crisis for Bringing New Life to Historical and Cultural Artefacts

Abstract. The article describes possible strategies for saving the cultural heritage and accelerated digitization of cultural artefacts and items of national historical significance. Emphasis is placed on the specific opportunities posed by the pandemic crisis and the labor market fluctuations to introduce ICT innovations in museums, libraries, and other cultural institutions.

Title: Digital Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Opportunities Created by the Pandemic Crisis for Bringing New Life to Historical and Cultural Artefacts

Authors: Daniela Pavlova1

1 University of Library Studies and Information Technologies, 119 Tsarigradsko Shosse Blvd., 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Internet of Things, Digital Cultural Heritage, RFID, Mobile Technology, 3D Scanning.

Received: June 05, 2020 Reviewed: June 25, 2020 Final Accepted: July 07, 2020

Citiation: Pavlova, D. (2020), Digital Preservation of Cultural Heritage and Opportunities Created by the Pandemic Crisis for Bringing New Life to Historical and Cultural Artefacts. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 225-230, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
225-230

Project Papers

 

Mariya Monova-Zheleva, Yanislav Zhelev, Evgeniya Nikolova – Intangible Cultural Heritage Presentation and Preservation – Challenges and Opportunities for Museum Specialists

Abstract. Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) is a term invented to represent living practices, representations, expressions, skills and knowledge that communities, groups and individuals recognize as distinct but important aspects of identity. The safeguarding of ICH has become a topic of international concern primarily through the work of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) (UNESCO, 2018). Digital technologies and the internet bring unprecedented opportunities to present and preserve cultural assets globally and from a long-term perspective. The use of new technologies in the preservation and transmission of intangible heritage imposes urgent and significant changes in the museum specialists' competency matrix. The paper presents the main results from research con-ducted within the scope of the international project DigiCult in four European countries, aiming to identify the main gaps and constraints regarding the active inclusion of museum professionals in the ICH digital presentation and safeguarding processes.

Title: Intangible Cultural Heritage Presentation and Preservation – Challenges and Opportunities for Museum Specialists

Authors: Mariya Monova-Zheleva1, Yanislav Zhelev1, Evgeniya Nikolova1

1 Laboratory of Digitization – Burgas, Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Burgas, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH), ICH Digitisation, Safeguarding, Museum Specialists’ Competencies.

Received: May 28, 2020 Reviewed: June 17, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Monova-Zheleva, M., Zhelev, Y., Nikolova, E. (2020), Intangible Cultural Heritage Presentation and Preservation – Challenges and Opportunities for Museum Specialists. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 233-240, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
233-240

Rahaf Orabi – Architectural Analysis of the First Mosque in Aleppo Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning (Al- Shuaybiyya Mosque)

Abstract. Al- Shuaybiyya Mosque in the old city of Aleppo is recorded in Arabic chronicles as the first mosque built in the city by the Muslims. Its position commemorates the location of their first prayer. It is suggested that it was built on over Roman remains, then rebuilt in Zengid period during the reign of Nur al- Din al- Zengi. It underwent a renovation in the 14th century, and possibly most of the surviving structure either dates to the Ayyubid or the Mamluk period. However, to our knowledge, this mosque has not been explored in the con-text of an analytical architectural study to trace the remains of each period. This paper aims to examine the architectural development of the mosque using terrestrial laser scanning to identify the elements of the previous structures. The use of laser scanning offers highly accurate survey results, in addition to a better identification of architectural elements and their relation to the structure and the modern-day city. The conducted survey-study suggests the chronology of the building (phases of construction and their limits), based on the architectural analysis of the digital model and consultation of previous studies and historical text.

Title: Architectural Analysis of the First Mosque in Aleppo Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning (Al- Shuaybiyya Mosque)

Authors: Rahaf Orabi1,2

1 Pazmany Peter Catholic University, Budapest, Hungary

2 Directorate General of Antiquities and Museums, Damascus, Syria

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Keywords: Mosques, Old city of Aleppo, Terrestrial Laser Scanning, Architectural Analysis.

Received: May 30, 2020 Reviewed: June 15, 2020 Final Accepted: June 22, 2020

Citiation: Orabi, R. (2020), Architectural Analysis of the First Mosque in Aleppo Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning (Al- Shuaybiyya Mosque). Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 241-250, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
241-250

Maria Teresa Artese, Isabella Gagliardi – Automatic Identification of Domain Terms: An Approach for Italian

Abstract. The problem of creating a fully automated specific-domain thesaurus is very topical. The paper presents a novel method to address this problem in the Italian language. The main feature of this approach is the integration of different methods: machine learning classification methods working on the semantic representation of candidate terms, word embed-dings models, able to capture the semantics of words, and a computation of the degree of specialization of a term. The work is in progress and results obtained so far are promising.

Title: Automatic Identification of Domain Terms: An Approach for Italian

Authors: Maria Teresa Artese1, Isabella Gagliardi1

1 IMATI – CNR, Via Bassini 15, 20133 Milan, Italy

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Keywords: Classification Methods, Word Embedding Models, Probability, Food, Italian Language.

Received: June 19, 2020 Reviewed: July 12, 2020 Final Accepted: July 30, 2020

Citiation: Artese, M.T., Gagliardi, I. (2020), Automatic Identification of Domain Terms: An Approach for Italian. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 251-258, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
251-258

Adarsh Appannagari, Manideep Chittineni, Sathvik Jetty, Zinnia Sarkar, Vinod Eslavath, Raj Ramachandran, Emmanuel Ogunshile – Preserving Linguistic Heritage for Generations to Come!

Abstract. Speech to Text is the ability to convert spoken word to text. There are many speech to text conversion applications available for different languages. Tamil is an ancient classical language which is vastly spoken in southern parts of India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, and Singapore. The speech to text application is de-signed from an indigenous perspective to enable the native speakers to preserve their linguistic heritage. The application was developed using agile methodology and the testing of the application suggested that the existing API do not support in the notion of preserving the language in its original form.

Title: Preserving Linguistic Heritage for Generations to Come!

Authors: Adarsh Appannagari1, Manideep Chittineni1, Sathvik Jetty1, Zinnia Sarkar1, Vinod Eslavath1, Raj Ramachandran1, Emmanuel Ogunshile1

1 University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom

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Keywords: Linguistic Heritage, Tamil, Speech to Text, Indigenous Method, Software Engineering.

Received: June 05, 2020 Reviewed: June 20, 2020 Final Accepted: July 12, 2020

Citiation: Appannagari, A., Chittineni, M., Jetty, S., Sarkar, Z., Eslavath, V., Ramachandran, R., Ogunshile, E. (2020), Preserving Linguistic Heritage for Generations to Come!. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 259-266, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
259-266

Maria Teresa Artese, Isabella Gagliardi – A Unified Data Model for ICH Online Inventories: A Proposal

Abstract. This paper proposes an investigation about problems arising when searching and managing Intangible Cultural Heritage data: how to find out which websites are dealing with them in the world, how to collect and evaluate web services provided to make integrated queries, how to model a com-mon metadata structure able to collect ICH entities coming from different realities and provide them in Linked Open Data format. The study is based on the QueryLab prototype, an ongoing experimentation used to integrate different inventories to provide new and easy ways to query data.

Title: A Unified Data Model for ICH Online Inventories: A Proposal

Authors: Maria Teresa Artese1, Isabella Gagliardi1

1 CNR IMATI – Milano, Via A. Corti 12, 20133 Milan, Italy

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Keywords: Living Heritage, ICH Collection, Common Metadata Model, Inventory Integration, ICH Web Services.

Received: June 19, 2020 Reviewed: July 25, 2020 Final Accepted: July 31, 2020

Citiation: Artese, M.T., Gagliardi, I. (2020), A Unified Data Model for ICH Online Inventories: A Proposal. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 267-272, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
267-272

Workshops and Information Days

 

Peter Stanchev, Hristiyaniya Ancheva, Radoslav Pavlov, George Simeonov – The Eleventh National Information Day: Open Science, Open Data, Open Access, Bulgarian Open Science Cloud

Abstract. The paper gives an overview the current landscape and the activities on national and institutional level regarding Open Science, Open Access to scientific information, Open Data and the overall development of the Bulgarian Open Science Cloud.

Title: The Eleventh National Information Day: Open Science, Open Data, Open Access, Bulgarian Open Science Cloud

Authors: Peter Stanchev1,2, Hristiyaniya Ancheva3, Radoslav Pavlov1, George Simeonov1

1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, BAS, Bulgaria

2 Kettering University, Flint, USA

3 Ministry of Education and Science, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Open Access, Access to Knowledge, Open Science, European Open Science Cloud, Bulgarian Open Science Cloud.

Received: June 21, 20202 Reviewed: July 15, 2020 Final Accepted: July 25, 2020

Citiation: Stanchev, P., Ancheva, H., Pavlov, R., Simeonov, G. (2020), The Eleventh National Information Day: Open Science, Open Data, Open Access, Bulgarian Open Science Cloud. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 275-282, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
275-282

Radoslav Pavlov, Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Detelin Luchev, Jordan Stoikov – Workshop on Virtual Museums and Their Educational Applications

Abstract. The workshop on Virtual Museums and their Educational Applica-tions presents outcomes of the National Scientific Program “Cultural and Historical Heritage, National Memory and Social Development”, funded by the Ministry of Education and Science (approved by DCM No 577 of 17 August 2018), achieved during the second year under the Work Package No. 4 “Activities for the Development of Scientific and Applied Products” (Ac-tivity "Digitization and virtualization of cultural heritage"). The workshop outlines also some future trends for educational applications of virtual mu-seums.

Title: Workshop on Virtual Museums and Their Educational Applications

Authors: Radoslav Pavlov1, Desislava Paneva-Marinova1, Detelin Luchev1, Jordan Stoikov1

1 Institute of Mathematics and Informatics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria

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Keywords: Virtual Museums, Educational Application, Cultural Heritage.

Received: June 20, 2020 Reviewed: July 13, 2020 Final Accepted: July 23, 2020

Citiation: Pavlov, R., Paneva-Marinova, D., Luchev, D., Stoikov, J. (2020), Workshop on Virtual Museums and Their Educational Applications. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 10, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2020, pp. 283-284, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online).
283-284