Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage.

Volume 4, Sofia : Institute of Mathematics and Informatics at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, 2014

Preface

Table of Contents

 

Stavros Christodoulakis – Trends in Digital Cultural Heritage Management and Applications

Abstract. We present some recent trends in the field of digital cultural heritage management and applications including digital cultural data curation, interoperability, open linked data publishing, crowd sourcing, visualization, platforms for digital cultural heritage, and applications. We present some examples from research and development projects of MUSIC/TUC in those areas.

Citation: Christodoulakis, S. (2014) Trends in Digital Cultural Heritage Management and Applications. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 17-25, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
17-25

Krassen Stefanov – Digital Libraries as a Social Media

Abstract. This paper presents an innovative approach for enhancing digital libraries functionalities. An innovative distributed architecture involving digital libraries for effective and efficient knowledge sharing was developed. In the frame of this architecture semantic services were implemented, offering multi language and multi culture support, adaptability and knowledge resources recommendation, based on the use of ontologies, metadata and user modeling. New methods for teacher education using digital libraries and knowledge sharing were developed. These new methods were successfully applied in more than 15 pilot experiments in seven European countries, with more than 3000 teachers trained.

Citation: Stefanov, K. (2014) Digital Libraries as a Social Media. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 26-32, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
26-32

Maria Nisheva-Pavlova, Nicolas Spyratos, Peter Stanchev – Museum Collections and the Semantic Web

Abstract. The paper discusses some current trends in the area of development and use of semantic portals for accessing heterogeneous museum collections on the Semantic Web. The presentation is focused on some issues concerning metadata standards for museums, museum collections ontologies and semantic search engines. A number of design considerations and recommendations are formulated.

Citation: Nisheva-Pavlova, M., Spyratos, N., Stanchev, P. (2014) Museum Collections and the Semantic Web. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 33-39, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
33-39

Carlo Meghini – Preserving Linked Data

Abstract. PRELIDA (PREserving LInked DAta) is an FP7 Coordination Action funded by the European Commission under the Digital Preservation Theme. PRELIDA targets the particular stakeholders of the Linked Data community, including data providers, service providers, technology providers and end user communities. These stakeholders have not been traditionally targeted by the Digital Preservation community, and are typically not aware of the digital preservation solutions already available. So an important task of PRELIDA is to raise awareness of existing preservation solutions and to facilitate their uptake. At the same time, the Linked Data cloud has specific characteristics in terms of structuring, interlinkage, dynamicity and distribution that pose new challenges to the preservation community. PRELIDA organises in-depth discussions among the two communities to identify which of these characteristics require novel solutions, and to develop road maps for addressing the new challenges. PRELIDA will complete its lifecycle at the end of this year, and the talk will report about the major findings.

Citation: Meghini, C. (2014) Preserving Linked Data. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 40, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
40

Dominique Laurent – Supporting and Enhancing Research on Cultural Heritage in France: the PATRIMA Project

Abstract. In this paper, we first overview the French project on heritage called PATRIMA, launched in 2011 as one of the Projets d'investissement pour l'avenir, a French funding program meant to last for the next ten years. The overall purpose of the PATRIMA project is to promote and fund research on various aspects of heritage presentation and preservation. Such research being interdisciplinary, research groups in history, physics, chemistry, biology and computer science are involved in this project. The PATRIMA consortium involves research groups from universities and from the main museums or cultural heritage institutions in Paris and surroundings. More specifically, the main members of the consortium are the two universities of Cergy-Pontoise and Versailles Saint-Quentin and the following famous museums or cultural institutions: Musée du Louvre, Château de Versailles, Bibliothèque nationale de France, Musée du Quai Branly, Musée Rodin. In the second part of the paper, we focus on two projects funded by PATRIMA named EDOP and Parcours and dealing with data integration. The goal of the EDOP project is to provide users with a data space for the integration of heterogeneous information about heritage; Linked Open Data are considered for an effective access to the corresponding data sources. On the other hand, the Parcours project aims at building an ontology on the terminology about the techniques dealing with restoration and/or conservation. Such an ontology is meant to provide a common terminology to researchers using different databases and different vocabularies.

Citation: Laurent, D. (2014) Supporting and Enhancing Research on Cultural Heritage in France: the PATRIMA Project. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 41-48, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
41-48

Giuseppe Amato, Fabrizio Falchi, Fausto Rabitti, Lucia Vadicamo – Aggregating Local Descriptors for Epigraphs Recognition

Abstract. In this paper, we consider the task of recognizing epigraphs in images such as photos taken using mobile devices. Given a set of 17,155 photos related to 14,560 epigraphs, we used a k-NearestNeighbor approach in order to perform the recognition. The contribution of this work is in evaluating state-of-the-art visual object recognition techniques in this specific context. The experimental results conducted show that Vector of Locally Aggregated Descriptors obtained aggregating SIFT descriptors is the best choice for this task.

Citation: Amato, G., Falchi, F., Rabitti, F., Vadicamo, L. (2014) Aggregating Local Descriptors for Epigraphs Recognition. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 49-58, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
49-58

Jiří Rákosník, Peter Stanchev, Radoslav Pavlov – Recent Developments in Digital Mathematics Libraries

Abstract. The paper presents recent developments in the domain of digital mathematics libraries towards the envisioned 21st Century Global Library for Mathematics. The Bulgarian Digital Mathematical Library BulDML and the Czech Digital Mathematical Library DML-CZ are founding partners of the EuDML Initiative and through it contribute to the sustainable development of the European Digital Mathematics Library EuDML and to the global advancements in this area.

Citation: Rákosník, J., Stanchev, P., Pavlov, R. (2014) Recent Developments in Digital Mathematics Libraries. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 59-65, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
59-65

Hoonjong Kang, Elena Stoykova, Nataliya Berberova, Jiyong Park, Youngmin Kim, Joo Sup Park, Sunghee Hong, Branimir Ivanov, Dimana Nazarova, Nikola Malinowski – Digital Holographic Printing Methods for 3D Visualization of Cultural Heritage Artifacts

Abstract. Holography enables capture and reconstruction of the optical field scattered from three-dimensional (3D) objects. The hologram encodes both amplitude and phase of the field under coherent illumination, whereas photography records only the amplitude by incoherent light. 3D visualization feature of holography motivates expansion of research efforts dedicated to digital holographic imaging methods as a holographic display or a holographic printer. The paper presents two holographic 3D printing techniques which combine digital 3D representation of an object with analog holographic recording. Generation of digital contents is considered for a holographic stereogram printer and a recently proposed wavefront printer. These imaging methods could be applied to specific artifacts which are difficult to be recorded by conventional analog holography.

Citation: Kang, H., Stoykova, E., Berberova, N., Park, J., Kim, Y., Park, J. S., Hong, S., Ivanov, B., Nazarova, D., Malinowski, N. (2014) Digital Holographic Printing Methods for 3D Visualization of Cultural Heritage Artifacts. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 69-78, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
69-78

Vladimir Georgiev – A Web Application for Creating and Presenting 3D Object Expositions

Abstract. This paper describes a recently-developed web application for creating and presenting expositions of three-dimensional objects online. The system allows authors to create exhibitions of 3D models and share them on the Internet, where everybody will be able to view them. The latest HTML5 technologies allow the use of modern web browsers to render the 3D collections without any additional requirements, such as installing third party plugins, which makes the system easily accessible for users operating on different environments.

Citation: Georgiev, V. (2014) A Web Application for Creating and Presenting 3D Object Expositions. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 79-86, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
79-86

Todor Todorov, Nikolay Noev – Technology of Three-Dimensional Scanning “Structured Light”

Abstract. Protection and preservation of cultural and historical heritage are particularly relevant today. The paper presents essence and challenges in the process of three-dimensional scanning of objects. Special attention is paid to the methodology of 3D scanning of cultural artifacts.

Citation: Todorov, T., Noev, N. (2014) Technology of Three-Dimensional Scanning “Structured Light”. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 87-94, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
87-94

Ovidiu Turcoane – Linked Data, JSON-LD and the Semantics of Cultural and Scientific Heritage

Abstract. This paper discusses the importance of linked data for the semantics of cultural and scientific heritage and it provides some reasons on using JSON-LD as a standard. From a conceptual point of view, cultural and scientific heritage should widen for broad human and computer access. Web semantics support the trans-formation of information to knowledge on a large and open scale and cultural and scientific heritage should benefit from that, especially if we see the latter as a pillar in a lean system, such as E-Democracy that seeks for permanent improvement. Cultural and scientific heritage has a primary role in education of individuals but also in the optimization process of knowledge society through the humane collective approach of trial and error. In order to build a society of inclusion using vertical (temporal) and horizontal (spatial) inquiries in social values, religions, beliefs and rituals we must facilitate broaden and less restrictive access. One way to achieve this task is by using linked data for connectivity and meaning of information and the standard of JSON-LD for extensive and simple digital access.

Citation: Turcoane, O. (2014) Linked Data, JSON-LD and the Semantics of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 95-105, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
95-105

Stefan Bozov, Elena Zaharieva-Stoyanova – XML-based Approach for Digital Representation of Knitting Patterns

Abstract. This paper views the problems related to the development of knitting software for hand-made knitting. It presents an XML approach for digital representation of knitting patterns. Its purpose is to develop a uniform and platform independent description of simple graphics primitives corresponding to different types of stitches. The XML language can be built on CAD systems for handmade knit-ting. The users of these software applications could be: people, who are interested in knitting as a hobby; editors of knitting hobby magazines; ethnographers, who invest in the area of old traditional costumes and hand-made knitting.

Citation: Bozov, S., Zaharieva-Stoyanova, E. (2014) XML-based Approach for Digital Representation of Knitting Patterns. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 106-114, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
106-114

Ildikó Deák, Zsolt László Márkus, Tibor Szkaliczki, Gábor Kaposi, György Szántó, Miklós Veres, Zsolt Weisz – Mobile Interpreting of Heritage Values in Historical Cemeteries

Abstract. The paper presents a mobile application introducing the heritage values in historical cemeteries. The application is developed for both the experts of the domain and people merely interested in the topic. Guided walks within the GUIDE@HAND audio tourist guide introduce several cemeteries of Europe. In order to support the participants of the international seminar on heritage values in historical cemeteries, the application includes a mobile conference guide, as well.

Citation: Deák, I., Márkus, Z. L., Szkaliczki, T., Kaposi, G., György Szántó, Miklós Veres, Weisz, Z. (2014) Mobile Interpreting of Heritage Values in Historical Cemeteries. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 115-126, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
115-126

Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Maxim Goynov, Detelin Luchev – Towards Wider Sharing of Iconographical Art Content

Abstract. Information and multimedia technologies that have been developed during the past couple of years provided new e-tools to memory institutions (viz. museum, libraries, galleries, etc.), reviving the valuable treasure made by generation of people. Digital libraries (DLs) are such powerful contemporary tools for cultural heritage presentation, preservation and archiving. However, DLs power will increase significantly if they use mechanisms for ubiquitous sharing of their e-artefacts and they distribute attractive content in the social networks, reflecting community demands and needs. This paper presents a service for automatic sharing of iconographical artefacts and full collections from the Bulgarian Iconographical Digital Library to selected Facebook communities. In this case the service will be used for widely promotion of knowledge about East-Christian Iconographical Art and Culture, but I could be used not only for this and not only in this domain.

Citation: Paneva-Marinova, D., Goynov, M., Luchev, D. (2014) Towards Wider Sharing of Iconographical Art Content. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 127-134, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
127-134

Konstantin Rangochev, Margaret Dimitrova, Maxim Goinov – Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum: Further Developments

Abstract. The paper analyses statistical data concerning the use of the electronic Encyclopedia slavica sanctorum, an e-product with information about the texts about saints in medieval and early modern Slavonic manuscripts and printed books and in records of oral stories of the Bulgarian popular culture. The users' and guests' operations (viewing dates, viewing objects, and searching) are discussed and thus the advantages of this e-encyclopedia are revealed.

Citation: Rangochev, K., Dimitrova, M., Goinov, M. (2014) Encyclopaedia Slavica Sanctorum: Further Developments. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 135-146, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
135-146

Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Lilia Pavlova, Vladimir Sapundjiev, Maya Bogdanova – Interactive Environment for Digital Preservation and Preservation of Fashion Objects

Abstract. This paper presents the overall structure and the functional specification of an interactive environment for digital preservation and preservation of fashion objects, developed to serve the students’ learning needs of the National Art Academy.

Citation: Paneva-Marinova, D., Pavlova, L., Sapundjiev, V., Bogdanova, M. (2014) Interactive Environment for Digital Preservation and Preservation of Fashion Objects. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 147-154, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
147-154

Iva Burešová, Jarmila Štruncová – Open Access at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and Czech Digital Mathematical Library

Abstract. We explain the principles the Open Access Policy of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic adopted as a consequence of its accession to the Berlin Declaration on Open Access. The Policy is implemented by means of Academy’s Institutional Repository. An example of a subject specialized open access repository is the Czech Digital Mathematics Library (DML-CZ) and the European Digital Mathematics Library. We discuss a special feature of the DML-CZ represented by the highly heterogeneous collections devoted to eminent personalities of the Czech mathematics.

Citation: Burešová, I., Štruncová, J. (2014) Open Access at the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic and Czech Digital Mathematical Library. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 155-164, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
155-164

Ralitsa Dutsova – Web-based Software System for Preservation of Language Cultural Heritage

Abstract. The paper presents a software system for preservation of Bulgarian language resources – parallel corpora and bilingual dictionaries. The system allows an open access to digital language resources via internet. The main components and the functionalities of the current version of the system are briefly described. The article emphasizes on the description of the module “Search” (a tool for information retrieval and data extraction from a bilingual dictionary).

Citation: Dutsova, R. (2014) Web-based Software System for Preservation of Language Cultural Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 165-172, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
165-172

Ivan Derzhanski, Olena Siruk – Animal Metaphors and Idioms in the Corpus of Bulgarian and Ukrainian Parallel Texts

Abstract. In this study we examine the metaphoric mentions of three wild animals considered to be most important in the Slavic popular tradition, namely the wolf, the bear and the hare, in a Bulgarian–Ukrainian parallel corpus. Our goal is to see what meanings are found most often, how well images from alien world views are accepted by the Bulgarian and the Ukrainian linguistic consciousness, and how translators replace images which are likely not to be interpreted in the desired way.

Citation: Derzhanski, I., Siruk, O. (2014) Animal Metaphors and Idioms in the Corpus of Bulgarian and Ukrainian Parallel Texts. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 173-180, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
173-180

Galina Bogdanova, Todor Todorov, Nikolay Noev – Protection of Semantic Organized Data. Encryption of RDF Graph

Abstract. The problems of protection of semantic organized data and encryption of RDF graph are investigated. Technologies used in the construction of a semantic net-work are presented. XML-encryption and standardization of semantically structured content for XML signature are described. We perform encryption of XML data associated with the semantic representation of data for a kind of percussion instruments.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Todorov, T., Noev, N. (2014) Protection of Semantic Organized Data. Encryption of RDF Graph. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 183-188, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
183-188

Evgeniya Rusinova – Digitalization: Options and Approaches Toward the Issue of the Right Solution

Abstract. Discusses existing approaches to digitize cultural heritage - Bulgarian practice and foreign experience are presented; listed possible priorities. Special / separate emphasis is placed on existing problems; underlined is the necessity of analyzing the situation and a policy for conducting digitization; learning of the user and the importance of the feedback are mentioned.

Citation: Rusinova, E. (2014) Digitalization: Options and Approaches Toward the Issue of the Right Solution. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 189-193, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
189-193

Todor Cholakov, Dimitar Birov – Using Virtual Disks and Hamming Code for Data Preservation

Abstract. Digitalizing archives and data happens more and more often. There are many obvious advantages of digital data- it won’t change over time, it is much more com-pact compared to any analogue representation and it lasts over time. However there are risks concerning digital archives, too. Each media eventually wears out, which may cause errors when accessing the data. In this paper we propose an approach relying on a combination of virtual hard disks and checksums for data preservation.

Citation: Cholakov, T., Birov, D. (2014) Using Virtual Disks and Hamming Code for Data Preservation. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 194-199, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
194-199

Fabian Hollaus, Ana Camba, Stefan Fiel, Sajid Saleem, Robert Sablatnig – Manuscript Investigation in the Sinai II Project

Abstract. This work is concerned with the analysis of historical manuscripts. The manuscripts investigated are partially in a bad condition, due to their age, bad storage conditions etc. These circumstances impede a transcription of the ancient writings, as well as the application of document image analysis methods. Therefore, the writings are imaged with a portable MultiSpectral Imaging acquisition system. By using this non-invasive investigation technique the contrast of the degraded and faded-out writings can be enhanced. In order to gain a further contrast enhancement, a post-processing method has been developed. Additionally, two document analysis methods have been developed in order to facilitate the work of scholars: First, an Optical Character Recognition is described. Second, a method designed for the automated identification of writers of ancient Slavic manuscripts is explained. This paper provides an overview on the manuscript investigation techniques mentioned.

Citation: Hollaus, F., Camba, A., Fiel, S., Saleem, S., Sablatnig, R. (2014) Manuscript Investigation in the Sinai II Project. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 200-205, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
200-205,

A. Mathys, J. Brecko, P. Semal – Cost Analyse of 3D Digitisation Techniques

Abstract. In the framework of the Belgian BELSPO AGORA 3D and DIGIT03 programs, we have evaluated 3D digitising technologies with regards to the quality of the acquisition, the capacities and limitations of each technique and also the direct cost of the different 3D digitisation processes. It is on this latest topic that the paper is focused. In order to evaluate the cost of 3D digitisation, we considered the time for the digitisation, cost of the equipment and cost of the staff. Our preliminary results show that the real cost by specimen depends on the amount of specimens to digitise. Techniques that appear to be low-cost can be the most expensive in the framework of massive digitization programs, whilst more expensive equipment can be more efficient in the long term. Therefore low-cost equipment is mainly recommended for occasional digitisation or small series of digitisations.

Citation: Mathys, A., Brecko, J., Semal, P. (2014) Cost Analyse of 3D Digitisation Techniques. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 206-212, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
206-212

Peter Sharlandjiev, Dimana Nazarova, Nataliya Berberova – Digital Image Denoising by Adaptive Median Filtering and Wavelet Transform

Abstract. Digital image processing is an important area of preservation and representation of cultural and historical objects. Part of it is the task of cleaning images corrupted by noise. Many different methods and approaches have been successfully implemented, but still filtering and denoising techniques are developing and improving intensively. Herein, we report numeric simulations of 2D image filtering. Effects of impulse noise are very efficiently reduced by adaptive median filtering. The situation of additive noise, which itself depends on the intensity of the original image, is more complicated. However, we demonstrate that in this case the use of wavelet transforms in the denoising procedure is very productive and promising.

Citation: Sharlandjiev, P., Nazarova, D., Berberova, N. (2014) Digital Image Denoising by Adaptive Median Filtering and Wavelet Transform. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 213-217, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
213-217

Kristina Varbanova-Dencheva, Radostina Todorova – National Infrastructure for University Repositories Possible Model

Abstract. Paper stresses on the active role of university repositories in sustaining a long-term strategy to increase impact and visibility of Bulgarian research. Authors would like to draw the attention of a critical disadvantage of the research exchange progress in Bulgaria and suggest continuing the development of good practices, in establishing a national information infrastructure, based on an already functioning integrated platform. A short description of Primo Discovery and Delivery solution potential is discussed to show the variety of functional and technological solutions that it can add to a national-wide research exchange network. A brief overview is made of the first institutional repositories, incorporated in Primo and the positive outcomes of the integration.

Citation: Varbanova-Dencheva, K., Todorova, R. (2014) National Infrastructure for University Repositories Possible Model. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 218-223, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
218-223

Stefka Kovacheva – How to Incorporate New Knowledge in the History Courses for 4th and 5th Grade Pupils

Abstract. The article describes in brief the database, developed by IMI-BAS to present the cultural heritage sites in Bulgaria under the protection of UNESCO. This database will be used in an e-learning project currently under development, to integrate additional learning content to the “Man and Society” and “History and Civilization” courses. The project follows a contemporary teaching strategy based on the formal structure of the Understanding by Design approach. In the process of gaining knowledge the pupil is transformed from an object of action into a subject of action. This requires a new educational environment in accordance with the needs and interests of the learners. Such an environment will develop their abilities, and they will become active and productive participants in their own education.

Citation: Kovacheva, S. (2014) How to Incorporate New Knowledge in the History Courses for 4th and 5th Grade Pupils. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 224-234, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
224-234

János Pancza – ELDORADO Project. A Major Upgrade of National Library Services in Hungary

Abstract. Hungarian libraries have formed a consortium that led by the National Széchényi Library (NSZL). This consortium is maintaining a project called ELDORADO that provides a new service model and infrastructure environment in digital library field. Our company Cultware is the main system developer partner, focusing on the building of the whole hardware and software architecture and infrastructure of the project. The main scope of the project can be set by some major objectives: Providing digital access for library holdings regardless of their copyright or digitization status. It occurs a large set of on-demand digitisation activities, the registration of digital documents that have digitized already in different libraries in a common single service environment. These activities have coordinated by a library consortium in partnership with all the relevant stakeholders on the related fields. Offering equal and remote access to digital information to all Hungarian spoken people regardless their geographical location is an ultimate goal of the project. Digital access must include a large set of copyrighted materials, orphan works and public domain documents.A major goal (through new collaboration forms with publishers) is to re-publish out-of commerce works in digital format. The project includes collection, preservation and publication activities together in a single service environment.

Citation: Pancza, J. (2014) ELDORADO Project. A Major Upgrade of National Library Services in Hungary. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 237-240, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
237-240

Marino Jaén Espinosa – PanamaTipico.com: a Born Digital Initiative for Researching and Preserving Panama’s Cultural Heritage

Abstract. This paper reflects on the experience of PanamaTipico.com, an independent website specialized in the research and preservation of the cultural heritage of the Republic of Panama, a developing country located in Central America. Basic information about the project is described. Also discussed, are some of the challenges confronted by the project and the results achieved. The goal of this paper is to encourage a discussion on whether or not the experience of PanamaTipico.com is comparable to the experiences of similar projects in developing countries in Eastern Europe and elsewhere.

Citation: Espinosa, M. J. (2014) PanamaTipico.com: a Born Digital Initiative for Researching and Preserving Panama’s Cultural Heritage. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 241-246, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
241-246

Radovesta Stewart, Mariya Monova-Zheleva, Yanislav Zhelev, Lubomil Draganov – Coins from the Burgas Bay: Creation of a New Digital Numismatic Content in the Internet Representing the Economic and Cultural Development of Burgas Region from Ancient Times to the Present Days

Abstract. Coin Collection of Regional Historical Museum – Burgas /RHM-Burgas/ is one of the oldest and most complete in Bulgaria. This paper describes a project framework for building a virtual collection titled “Coins of the Burgas Bay” considered as a collection from digital objects presented in an interactive environment, rendered in a web browser. Using that environment, the virtual visitor can examine a given digital object inspecting it in detail. This article presents the conceptual model for the digital presentation and annotation of this unique numismatic content aiming to ensure the presentation of the content to the worldwide dispersed audience as well as to promote scientific research activities in the con-nected science domains.

Citation: Stewart, R., Monova-Zheleva, M., Zhelev, Y., Draganov, L. (2014) Coins from the Burgas Bay: Creation of a New Digital Numismatic Content in the Internet Representing the Economic and Cultural Development of Burgas Region from Ancient Times to the Present Days. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 247-255, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
247-255

Magdelena Stoyanova, Desislava Paneva-Marinova, Lilia Pavlova, Radoslav Pavlov – The IFIDA Project: Intelligent Fast Interconnected Devices and Tools for Applications in Archaeometry and Conservation Practice

Abstract. The correct documentation and scientific attribution of ancient works of art requires the processing of relevant amounts of images and interdisciplinary data usually kept in non-compatible formats and objects of different property. The main goal of the IFIDA project Intelligent Fast Interconnected Devices and Tools for Applications in Archaeometry and Conservation Practice is to collect and integrate the dispersed models, tools, case studies, imaging and analytical resources resulting from previous investigations of works of art in repositories that facilitate extraction and sharing of new knowledge for cultural heritage research. This information will be further assessed applying sophisticated analytical and computer technologies in order to develop or adapt interconnected software tools for very fast authenticity certification and applications in archaeometry and conservation practice; to benefit development of new scholarship and technologies.

Citation: Stoyanova, M., Paneva-Marinova, D., Pavlova, L., Pavlov, R. (2014) The IFIDA Project: Intelligent Fast Interconnected Devices and Tools for Applications in Archaeometry and Conservation Practice. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 256-262, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
256-262

Kalina Ivanova, Galina Bogdanova, Kaloyan Zdravkov, Radoslav Pavlov, Desislava Paneva-Marinova – Project "North +": documenting, preserving and providing public access to the cultural heritage in libraries, museums, archives and galleries in North and Central Bulgaria

Abstract. This paper presents the project „North +“ for documenting, preserving and providing public access to the cultural heritage in libraries, museums, archives and galleries in North and Central Bulgaria.

Citation: Ivanova, K., Bogdanova, G., Zdravkov, K., Pavlov, R., Paneva-Marinova, D. (2014) Project "North +": documenting, preserving and providing public access to the cultural heritage in libraries, museums, archives and galleries in North and Central Bulgaria. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 263-269, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
263-269

Galina Bogdanova, Donka Koleva, Pavel Hristov – Interactive Cultural Map of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality as a Part of the eCity Platform Veliko Tarnovo

Abstract. The result of the project is an interactive map of cultural objects of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality with the region supporting the candidacy of the city for European Capital of Culture 2019. This system is integrated into the eCity platform of the project for e-Municipality Veliko Tarnovo.

Citation: Bogdanova, G., Koleva, D., Hristov, P. (2014) Interactive Cultural Map of Veliko Tarnovo Municipality as a Part of the eCity Platform Veliko Tarnovo. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 270-275, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
270-275

Nadya Vladimirova, Robert Badichah – Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Armenians in Diaspora. The Role of the Church in Preserving the Cultural Heritage: The Example of the Armenians in Rome, Italy

Abstract. This article refers to the role of the Church as an institution which is important for the preserving the cultural heritage of the ethnic communities in the Diaspora and, in particular, how the Armenian Catholic Church in Rome is involved in the preservation of the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the Armenians in the Italian capital city.

Citation: Vladimirova, N., Badichah, R. (2014) Preservation of the Cultural Heritage of the Armenians in Diaspora. The Role of the Church in Preserving the Cultural Heritage: The Example of the Armenians in Rome, Italy. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 276-282, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
276-282

Olaf Slijkhuis – Mass Digitization of a Scientific Biodiversity Collection

Abstract. In late 2012 the Dutch biodiversity center Naturalis published a tender for the mass digitization of herbarium sheets. Picturae proposed a solution with an industrial approach consisting of a conveyor belt construction with a fully automated processing workflow. From checking the technical parameters of the digital images to cropping and making all the derivatives. The digital images can be delivered to the network right after scanning. This approach makes it possible to produce high quality digital images without expertise of the operator.

Citation: Slijkhuis, O. (2014) Mass Digitization of a Scientific Biodiversity Collection. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 283-288, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
283-288

Anelia Krandeva – Digitizing of Bulgarian National Radio Archives

Abstract. The paper discusses issues connected with the audio archives digitization in the Bulgarian National Radio (BNR). It contains an overview of the audio archive digitization process, the current situation about the BNR archives, setting up a workplace for BNR digitizing of audio archives. The workplace for digitizing of audio archives manages the document creation, verification and approving the file passport, with metadata as a part from the electronic catalogue in the BNR archives phonoteque. Examples are provided to demonstrate the procedures of digitizing in details.

Citation: Krandeva, A. (2014) Digitizing of Bulgarian National Radio Archives. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 289-294, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
289-294

Detelin Luchev, Stanislava Slavova-Petkova, Maria Dimova – Gaming Platform for Training on Bulgarian Traditional Costume

Abstract. The use of digital technology in the humanities and social sciences indicates the needs of information servicing of research and training in these areas. The development and the use of new models and approaches for analysis, understanding and interpretation of cultural content delivery and display to new audiences in new ways through the development of new environments, applications, tools and services, is encouraged.

Citation: Luchev, D., Slavova-Petkova, S., Dimova, M. (2014) Gaming Platform for Training on Bulgarian Traditional Costume. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 295-296, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
295-296

Simeon Marlokov, Vanina Bozhilova, Maria Karadecheva – A Virtual Museum

Abstract. This demo covers the concept of preserving our historical consciousness in the vast and never stopping world in which we currently live – using the technology of today to create an application, recreating key museums and granting access to everybody, from everywhere.

Citation: Marlokov, S., Bozhilova, V., Karadecheva, M. (2014) A Virtual Museum. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 299-300, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
299-300

Plamen Sabev – Development of an Online Computer Game for the Visitors in Exhibition Halls of the Archaeological Museum – Veliko Tarnovo

Abstract. Recently, the multimedia and entertainment game products are gaining in popularity as interesting additions to museum exhibitions. Big galleries and museums all over the world are offering their visitors all sort of electronic information, combined with attractive images and texts. In some of them, are even developed 2D and 3D video games, as for instance the quest games featuring some exhibitions or puzzle games developed for the children, which can entertain them, while they are arranging jigsaw puzzles with the images of familiar culture landmarks. The idea is to attract more visitors by combining entertainment with acquiring information. The demo presents the development of the R. M. H. V. T computer game (Hidden objects) which is to be used by the visitors of the Museum of Archeology of Veliko Tarnovo. The idea is to offer a game in which is to be sought for scattered (or lost) artifacts. The visitor looks for hidden objects that are part of the museum exhibition. The game is developed by Unity engine, were used various scripts. The RMHV T features several maps, different ages and several items, part of the exhibition, hidden that have to be found. The scenario is done in the most intriguing and entertaining way, with lot of information, interesting facts and possibilities for upgrading. By the means of it the character – a treasure seeker, that uses a metal detector in order to complete his quest finds hidden treasures - such as gold bracelets, prehistoric, antique and mediaeval ceramic pots. In this way, the visitor is acquiring additional information about the artifact that has been virtually “found”, and at the same time be-comes familiar with its functions and content.

Citation: Sabev, P. (2014) Development of an Online Computer Game for the Visitors in Exhibition Halls of the Archaeological Museum – Veliko Tarnovo. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 301, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
301

Iryna Kuchma – Key Aspects and Approaches of Open Access, Open Data and Open Science

Abstract. Overview of the key aspects and approaches to open access, open data and open science, emphasizing on sharing scientific knowledge for sustainable progress and development.

Citation: Kuchma, I. (2014) Key Aspects and Approaches of Open Access, Open Data and Open Science. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 314-321, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
314-321

Ivo Grigorov, Petr Knoth, Iryna Kuchma, Birgit Schmidt, Najla Rettberg, Eloy Rodrigues – Importance and Benefits of OPEN SCIENCE for Ubiquitous Sharing, Dissemination and Impact

Abstract. While openness is well applied to software development and exploitation (open sources), and successfully applied to new business models (open innovation), fundamental and applied research seems to lag behind. Even after decades of advocacy, in 2011 only 50% of the public-funded research was freely available and accessible. The current re-search workflows, stemming from a pre-internet age, result in loss of opportunity not only for the researchers themselves (cf. extensive literature on topic at Open Access citation project, http://opcit.eprints.org/), but also slows down innovation and application of research results. Recent studies continue to suggest that lack of awareness among researchers, rather than lack of e-infrastructure and methodology, is a key reason for this loss of opportunity. The session will focus on why Open Science is ideally suited to achieving tenure-relevant researcher impact in a “Publish or Perish” reality. Open Science encapsulates tools and approaches for each step along the research cycle: from Open Notebook Science to Open Data, Open Access, all setting up researchers for capitalising on social media in order to promote and discuss, and establish unexpected collaborations.Incorporating these new approaches into a updated personal research workflow is of strategic beneficial for young researchers, and will prepare them for expected long term funder trends towards greater openness and demand for greater return on investment (ROI) for public funds.

Citation: Grigorov, I., Knoth, P., Kuchma, I., Schmidt, B., Rettberg, N., Rodrigues, E. (2014) Importance and Benefits of OPEN SCIENCE for Ubiquitous Sharing, Dissemination and Impact. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 322-323, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
322-323

Peter Stanchev – Business Models for Open Access. Copyright and Licensing under Open Access

Abstract. The lecture analyses the traditional business model in scientific communication and describes the new emerging models in the context of Open Access. Copyright and licensing part provides an overview of the legal issues and copyright at the heart of Open Access.

Citation: Stanchev, P. (2014) Business Models for Open Access. Copyright and Licensing under Open Access. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 324, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
324

Bhanu Neopane – Open Access Strategy of UNESCO

Abstract. One of UNESCO’s overarching goals is to build inclusive knowledge societies by harnessing information and communication technologies to maintain, increase and diffuse knowledge in the fields of education, the sciences, culture, and communication and information, including through open access. Open Access (OA) is the provision of free access to peer-reviewed, scholarly, re-search information (both scientific papers and research data) to all. It envisages that the rights-holder grants worldwide irrevocable right of access to copy, use, distribute, transmit, and make derivative works in any format for any lawful activities with proper attribution to the original author. Through Open Access, researchers and students from around the world gain increased access to knowledge, publications have greater visibility and readership, and the potential impact of research is heightened.

Citation: Neopane, B. (2014) Open Access Strategy of UNESCO. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 325-330, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
325-330

Sarah Callaghan – Open Research Data

Abstract. Open Research Data - A step by step guide through the research data lifecycle, data set creation, big data vs long-tail, metadata, data centres/data repositories, open access for data, data sharing, data citation and publication.

Citation: Callaghan, S. (2014) Open Research Data. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 331-332, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
331-332

Iryna Kuchma – Policy Framework and Roadmap for Open Access, Open Research Data and Open Science

Abstract. Overview of the growth of policies and a critical appraisal of the issues affecting open access, open data and open science policies. Example policies and a roadmap for open access, open research data and open science are included.

Citation: Kuchma, I. (2014) Policy Framework and Roadmap for Open Access, Open Research Data and Open Science. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 333-352, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
333-352

Eloy Rodrigues – Open Access to Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020: What Are the Requirements and How Can Institutional Repositories and OpenAIRE Help to Meet Them?

Abstract. Not available

Citation: Rodrigues, E. (2014) Open Access to Publications and Research Data in Horizon 2020: What Are the Requirements and How Can Institutional Repositories and OpenAIRE Help to Meet Them? Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 353-360, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
353-360

Mariela Deliverska, Guenoveva Jecheva, Yanita Zherkova, Peter Stanchev, Radoslav Pavlov – The Fifth National Information Day: Open Access to Scientific Information and Data

Abstract. Not available

Citation: Deliverska, M., Jecheva, G., Zherkova, Y., Stanchev, P., Pavlov, R. (2014) The Fifth National Information Day: Open Access to Scientific Information and Data. Digital Presentation and Preservation of Cultural and Scientific Heritage. Vol. 4, Sofia, Bulgaria: Institute of Mathematics and Informatics – BAS, 2014, pp. 361-363, ISSN 1314-4006 (Print), eISSN 2535-0366 (Online)
361-363